March 20, 2009

Obssessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

I was wondering about our neighbor’s behavior. Before we leave for office, we usually see him washing his car and even late at night he always does. What’s on my mind was: I guess he just loves to do it over and over again or maybe he just makes sure that his time will never get idle.

I just found out that what he is into right now is not normal anymore, he has this what we call Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)a type of mental illness that causes repeated unwanted thoughts. To get rid of the thoughts, a person does the same tasks over and over. For example, you may fear that everything you touch has germs on it. So to ease that fear, you wash your hands over and over again. OCD is a chronic, or long-term, illness that can take over your life, hurt your relationships, and limit your ability to work or go to school.


What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder tend to come and go over time and range from mild to severe. Anxiety is the most common symptom. For example, you may have an overall sense that something terrible will happen if you don't do a certain task, such as check again and again to see whether the stove is on. If you fail to check, you may suddenly feel tense or anxious or have a nagging sense that you left something undone.Symptoms of the disorder include:

Obsessions
These are unwanted thoughts, ideas, and impulses that you have again and again. They won't go away. They get in the way of your normal thoughts and cause anxiety or fear. The thoughts may be sexual or violent, or they may make you worry about illness or infection. Examples include:
  • A fear of harm to yourself or a loved one.
  • A driving need to do things perfectly or correctly.
  • A fear of getting dirty or infected.
Compulsions
These are behaviors that you repeat to try to control the obsessions. Some people have behaviors that are rigid and structured, while others have very complex behaviors that change. Examples include:
  • Washing or checking that something has been done.
  • Counting, often while doing another compulsive action, such as hand-washing.
  • Repeating things or always moving items to keep them in perfect order.
  • Hoarding
  • Praying
The obsessions or compulsions usually take up a lot of time—more than 1 hour a day. They greatly interfere with your normal routine at work or school, and they affect social activities and relationships.Sometimes people may understand that their obsessions and compulsions are not real. But at other times they may not be sure, or they may believe strongly in their fears.

So better check if you too have this disorder already.


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